adulting no. 3: little household things

adulting is a series on ilam that talks about doing new “adult” things, and what I’ve learned, which hopefully, may help you navigate adulting as well.

Some sundry things I’ve picked up:

  1. Don’t sign an apartment lease without looking at the apartment in-person first. If you can, try to visit places before signing a lease. If you cannot visit beforehand, sublet for a month or two, and spend those two months exploring neighborhoods and visiting places to live. The neighborhood counts for a lot, and it’s not always easy to discern what type of neighborhood you’ll like just by browsing the internet. Apartment photos may also obfuscate the “not-so-nice things,” so it’s best to visit in-person and confirm for yourself.
  2. There’s no substitute for doing a thorough clean-up at least once a month. It’s important to take the time to do a thorough cleaning regularly, as cleaning gets much harder over time, and sometimes impossible without professional tools. The bathroom is especially susceptible to this, because of the moisture and humidity that encourages mold.
  3. Toilet bowl tablets: I despise cleaning toilets. With a toilet bowl tablet, it disinfects and keeps the toilet bowl cleaner between the more-thorough cleaning. Get the uncolored ones, because sometimes the colored ones (most often it’s blue) can sometimes stain your toilet if not flushed enough.
  4.  A microwave is dead useful for things other than Easy Mac. Many nights, I come home around 8pm, and still have some things to do, so I can’t spend that much time preparing my food. I keep on hand an assortment of fresh and frozen vegetables, and I can steam them in the microwave, put in a bit of seasoning, and have a delicious dinner ready in less than 10 minutes (paired with the rice that I’ve kept warm in my rice cooker). I also have to clean less things- I generally microwave food in the same dish I eat with. Microwave cooking isn’t sad and can be quite healthy and fresh, unless you’re microwaving things like Hungry-Man dinners.
  5. A winning combination for hot-water lovers: S’well and a hot water boiler. The regular-sized S’well is $35 for most designs– while a little steep, I’ve found it to be a reasonable price for how it performs. As it claims, I’ve regularly filled the bottle with hot water and it still piping hot after 12 hours. It never smells, does not get hot (except for the cap, since obviously the insulation is weakest there), and the water never tastes of metal. I was skeptical at first, because all the hot water thermai I’ve ever had lost significant heat after an hour or so. S’well has turned me into a believer.
  6. Sign up for accounts/emails/mailings from stores you visit regularly. Grocery stores and pharmacies are the prime examples. They will alert of you sales and coupons. Every little bit saved is something, after all. Some will even give you personalized offers according to your buying history.
  7. If your credit is good, (prudently) sign up for other credit cards in order to take advantage of their signing bonus and other rewards. This one is from one of my colleagues, who told me that since he knew he would be spending a lot of money on graduate school applications, he opened up another credit card to get their signing bonus. Most bonuses are something like this: spend $x in the first y months, get $z reward. The new credit card that I received also has revolving reward categories with higher reward amounts, so I can allocate my spending more optimally to maximize my rewards. You don’t need to stick to one credit card, it’s fine to use more than one.
  8. When possible, use credit cards instead of debit cards and cash. Three reasons: (1) Rewards are usually non-existent or smaller on debit cards. (2) Debit cards are directly linked to your checking account. If a fraudulent transaction goes through, the money in your checking account will be missing. By law, it eventually will be “back”, but in the short-term, you’ll be out of this money. However, with a credit card, your money hasn’t already been “spent.” Earlier this year, I had a series of fraudulent transactions, which ranged from a dollar to the hundreds (all declined, because Capital One caught the first suspicious transaction right from the start). I was very glad that I hadn’t linked anything to my debit card, because who knows how fast my debit card company would catch these sorts of transactions? By then, I could have been out a few thousand dollars. (3) Lastly, by using a credit card as opposed to cash, expenses can be easily tracked by looking at the statements.
  9. Track your expenses (somehow). I use Mint and the various services my banks provide. If you prefer not to do things online, you’ll have to use a system involving paper and pen. Any way you choose to do it, you need a good record for when you file taxes and when you want to do some budgeting. Like cleaning, it’s best to set aside time each month to look over your finances and straighten it up, or else it gets hard to remember what happened and even muster up the motivation to “straighten it up.”
  10. Life’s too short to frequently be shopping for flimsy clothing at fast-fashion places like H&M and Forever21. It may be a higher upfront cost, but with the cost spread out over a longer period of time, it’s more cost-effective to buy clothing that is well-made and will last longer than a few washes. Lately, I’ve really liked Everlane, and Uniqlo is always a perennial favorite.

[kpop/finance] examining the P/E ratio of S.M. Entertainment Co, YG Entertainment Inc, and JYP Entertainment Corp

As an ilam resolution for 2013, I decided to learn more about the finances of some of the largest Korean entertainment agencies, (listed in order of size) S.M., YG, and JYP, which are all publicly listed on the KOSDAQ. For this post, let us look at the P/E ratios of these companies.

yes, let's get to it! P/E ratios for everyone!

yes, let’s get to it! P/E ratios for everyone!

Just a bit of terminology before we delve into the fun stuff:

  • a dividend is money paid out to stockholders from a company’s earnings. From what I know, none of the three Korean companies pay dividends.
  • earnings per share (EPS) is a measure of a firm’s profitability, calculated by first subtracting dividends paid from net income, and dividing by the number of company stocks total.
  • price-earnings ratio (P/E) is calculated by taking the current price of the stock and dividing it by EPS. Essentially, P/E is a measure of how much investors are willing to pay per unit of earnings. For example, Amazon’s P/E ratio is 3,085.12, meaning that investors are willing to fork over $3,805.12 for $1 in earnings from Amazon. The higher the P/E ratio, generally, the higher expectations for the company in the future. New companies which are volatile and have suspicious-looking revenue but have good promise will also sport high P/E, like Facebook, with 267.34. Companies with high growth rates will also have high P/E. However, remember that P/E should only be compared within similar industries in the same countries. Different accounting styles in different countries can result in different P/E; American P/E are traditionally higher than European P/E.
  • trailing twelve months (TTM) is an abbreviation which indicates the timeframe of measurements like EPS and P/E.

With all that good terminology under our belts, we can start looking at the respective P/E.

S.M. Entertainment Co P/E (TTM): 452.52
YG Entertainment Inc P/E (TTM): 38.66
JYP Entertainment Corp P/E (TTM): n/a

General P/E for Entertainment – Diversified: 28.40

Wait, why is there no P/E for JYP? For the past twelve months, JYP has been posting -156.00KRW EPS (TTM); essentially, people who have bought JYP stocks have been losing money for the past year; for every share, they have lost around 156KRW, where KRW is South Korea’s currency. What this means for JYP is that it is in very big doo-doo, and has probably been losing money in 2012; we can investigate this hunch when we look at JYP’s income and cash flow statements. When the EPS (the denominator) is negative, it is convention to not report the P/E.

Ignoring JYP, let us examine S.M. and YG. S.M. and YG are clearly above the industry average of 28.40, YG alone is above by a staggering 50%. This signals that the market clearly expects S.M. and YG to have huge headliners in the years to come. Moreover, the world economy is slowly growing, and so consumers– especially those in North America and Europe– who have made cutbacks to their spending in entertainment will increase their spending in 2013. This raises the entire entertainment industry’s P/E.

However, S.M.’s P/E is much higher than YG, suggesting that analysts feel that Continue reading